The spread of dryers in Italian homes is a recent phenomenon. Dryers, or washer-dryers, allow you to have perfectly dry and fragrant clothes in a short time and throughout the year, regardless of the climate and pollution of our cities.
Like any other large household appliance, the dryer immediately presents a criticality linked to the high consumption of electricity, which could result in excessive expenditure. So let’s see the different types of dryers on the market and how much they consume, to understand how much it really costs to have one at home.
The various types of the dryer and their respective consumption
Before understanding how much a dryer consumes, let’s try to understand what types of dryers are on the market today. In fact, we will see that the type of technology used will result in significantly different consumption, which will affect the cost but also the electricity bill.
Condensing dryers create heat thanks to an electrical resistance; the heat is then circulated inside the basket thanks to a fan. The humidity of the laundry is therefore condensed and collected in a tray, which must be emptied after each use. A condenser dryer consumes around 4Kwh for a full cycle.
Evacuation or expulsion dryers dry clothes with a process similar to condensation dryers. Like those, they are equipped with a fan that sucks in moist air, but unlike those, they do not condense it. The steam extracted from the laundry, therefore, will need the typical “vent” tube. Consumption is very similar to that of condensing dryers.
Heat pump dryer
Dryers of this type are the most technically advanced, and those with generally lower consumption. They heat the air as happens in dual split air conditioners, which is through a hot/cold circuit whose product is circulated by a compressor.
In any case, these are motorized heat diffusion processes, which means that the technology is very sophisticated and allows for lower consumption.
Which dryer to buy, then?In general, when it comes to household appliances and energy consumption, the first reference to consider is that given by the consumption classes.
In the case of dryers, there is a trend that clearly differentiates “resistance” technologies (typical of condensation and evacuation dryers) from “pump” or motorized ones. Basically, the resistance dryers belong to the energy classes B and C. Those with heat pump, on the other hand, are almost all in class A, and easily reach class A +++.
The heat pump dryers, therefore, guarantee much lower consumption, not requiring the massive heating of resistance for the entire cycle of use. As with any household appliance, progress is leading to the production of tools with an ever-lower environmental impact, a process from which dryers and washer-dryers are certainly not excluded.
But how much does a dryer consume?
In general – and also with regard to dryers – the energy class constitutes a substantial difference, also in terms of expenditure. In fact, if a class A +++ dryer consumes about 1 kWh for a cycle, a class C dryer will consume about 4.
We have seen that consumption strictly depends on the energy class of the household appliance and that this can define a saving – on management costs – which can reach € 150 per year.
But let’s go into detail, and see how much a dryer consumes. We consider as standard a price of 0.20 € for the supply of 1 kWh and assume that annually, on average, about 200 drying cycles are carried out. Given the same use and the same price of electricity, the differences remain significant:
- A dryer in CLASS A +++ it consumes less than 1.5 kWh for each cycle and will cost less than € 50 in a year.
- In CLASS A ++ consumption drops to 1.5 kWh, around € 60 for 200 complete cycles at full load.
- A dryer in class A it consumes an average of 2 kWh per cycle, which corresponds to about € 80 each year.
- With an appliance in CLASS B, a drying cycle requires about 3 kWh, that is, it will cost around € 120 at the end of the year.
- In CLASS C consumption for each cycle drops to 4 kWh, around € 160 in a year.
- A dryer in CLASS D it can consume more than 5 kWh for each cycle, affecting the household finances for about € 200 per year.
As you can see, the differences in consumption and consequently in price are absolutely relevant. At this point, it becomes evident how important it is to choose a modern household appliance in line with the most recent directives on energy efficiency and environmental impact. In fact, it should be remembered that lower consumption also corresponds to lower greenhouse gas production and lower pollution from energy efficiency.
What measures can reduce consumption?As with any household appliance, there are some measures that can help increase efficiency during use, and thereby reduce consumption:
- spin at maximum power during washing: inserting well-wrung clothes in the dryer will involve less work during the drying phase and therefore the possibility of a shorter cycle.
- take care of routine maintenance: cleaning the filter often, and carefully emptying the water collection tray (if present), is an excellent way to keep the instrument efficient and well functioning.
- take advantage of all the load capacity: in order not to waste power and energy, as with the washing machine, it is advisable to start a cycle only once the maximum load capacity has been reached.
- avoid the anti-crease function if not necessary: although convenient, the anti-crease function, now present in almost all dryer and washer-dryer models, involves very high consumption, which can sometimes be avoided.
Obviously, one of the most functional measures will be to avoid starting the dryer if it is not strictly necessary.
Are we ready to buy?
Once we have analyzed how much a dryer consumes, and having ascertained its quality and functioning, we can therefore concretely think about buying one.
Obviously, factors such as the size and noise of the object we intend to place in the house must be taken into consideration in the first instance, especially if we approach our first dryer.
As for the selling prices, there are tumble dryers suitable for all budgets: prices range approximately from € 250 to € 600. For guaranteed second-hand items offered by large chains, the price can also drop to € 150/200.
We have seen how much the energy class of the appliance affects consumption. Although we would be led to believe that a dryer in class A +++ is certainly more expensive than one in energy class B, it is good to know that this is not the case.
There is a class A appliances among the cheap ones, as much as there are expensive ones among the “old ones”. When you go to choose which dryer to buy for your home, it will be very useful to consider that the criticality of consumption can be obviated with a careful choice.
Buying a dryer in energy class A, A ++ or A +++ will allow us to have clothes and linens that are always dry and fragrant at a cost of € 50/80 per year. How to take your clothes to the laundry for just one month!
If we decide instead to buy a dryer in energy class C or D, perhaps because it appears cheaper when purchased, we must know that its usual use can cost us up to 200 € every year, quickly nullifying any initial savings.